• Date: 2010 Jan 21

Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) sermon in Ghadir Khom


           
Praise belongs to God. We seek help from Him, and believe in Him, and trust in Him. We turn to Him for our evil and unrighteous deeds. The Lord, save whom there is no guide. Whoever is guided by Him, there will be no deviator for him. I testify that there is no God, save Him, and Mohammad is his servant and prophet.
O people! Soon, I will die, and leave you. I am responsible and you too!
Then he added: What do you think about me!? (Have I fulfilled my responsibility against you?)
The crowd all said: We testify that you have accomplished your prophetic mission, and endeavored. God may grant you good rewards.
The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said: Do you testify that the Lord of world is one, and Mohammad is His servant and prophet, and there is no doubt about paradise, hell, the everlasting life in the other world?
All replied: Yes, that is right. We testify!
He added: O people, I leave among you two precious things. I shall see how you treat with my two heritage?!
One stood up and asked loudly: What are these two precious things?!
Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said: One is divine book, one side of which is in the powerful hand of God, and the other is with you. And the next is my Household. God has informed me that these two will never separate!
Beware, O People, do not surpass Quran and my Household. Do not fail to follow both of them. Otherwise, you will perish!
Then, he took Ali’s hand (a.s.), and raised it too high that the armpit of both of them was seen by the people, and introduced him to the people.
He asked: Who is more authorized and rightful to the believers than themselves?
All replied: God and His messenger are more aware.
The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said: God is my master and I am the master of believers, and I am more authorized and rightful than themselves! Beware, O People!
من كنت مولاه فهذا علي مولاه
Whoever I am his master and authority, this Ali will be his master and authority. (1)
اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه و احب من احبه و ابغض من ابغضه و انصر من نصره و اخذل من خذله و ادر الحق معه حيث دار.
O God, be friend with whoever is friend with Ali, and be enemy with whoever is an enemy of Ali. Help whoever helps him, and leave whoever leaves him, make him the criteria of right! (2)
If you study the above sermon (3) carefully, there are quick evidences for Imamate of Ali (a.s.) in every phrase of it. (we will explain it soon).

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1- The Prophet repeated this phrase for three times to avoid any future mistake!
2- This part of Ghadir tradition, and sometimes its first part, without the second or visa versa, has been mentioned in the following documents:
مسند ابن حنبل: vol. 1, p. 254; تاريخ دمشق: vol. 42, p. 207, 208 & 448; خصائص نسايي: p. 181; المعجم الكبير: vol. 17, p. 39; سنن الترمذي: vol. 5, p. 633; المستدرك علي الصحيحن, vol. 13, p. 135; المعجم الاوسط; vol. 6, p. 95; مسند ابي يعلي, vol. 1, p. 280; المحاسن و المساوئي: p. 41; مناقب خوارزمي: p. 104, and other books.
3- A large group of known Sunnite scholars have narrated this sermon in their books, such as:
مسند احمد: vol. 1, p. 84, 88, 118, 119, 152, 281, 331, 332, 370; سنن ابن ماجه, vol. 1, p. 55, 58; المستدرك علي الصحيحين حاكم نيشابوري, vol. 3, p. 118 & 613; سنن ترمذي, vol. 5, p. 633; فتح الباري, vol. 79, p. 74; تاريخ خطيب بغدادي, vol. 8, p. 290; تاريخ الخلفاء و سيوطي, p. 114, etc.
 
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Reference:
Islamic Sciences and Researches Group– Qom
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