• Date: 2009 Oct 21

Eye on Ibn-e Qūliwayh-e Qummī


           

Ibn-e Qūliwayh-e Qummī

Birth:

Sheikh Abul-Qāsim, Ja’far son of Muhammad son of Ja’far son of Mūsā son of Masrūr son of Qūliwayh-e Qummī, is accounted as one of the most outstanding narrators of Shi’a in the 4th century Hegira.  He was one of the best pupils of ‘Sheikh Muhammad son of Ya’qūb Kuleinī’ and a brilliant mentor of Sheikh-e Mufīd.

 

Childhood:

Ja’far was born in a knowledgeable and pious family in Qum - the city of lovers of the household of the holy Prophet of Islam (Ahl-ul-Bayt A.S.). From his early childhood he learnt how to bear the cordial affection towards the Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.) and his infallible progeny, and started to acquire knowledge from his father and brother who were accounted as great narrators of Shi’a at that time.

He attended the classes of many great scholars of Shi’a until he himself turned into a brilliant dignitary in the field of Islamic knowledge and jurisprudence (Fiqh).

 

Personality:

Ibn-e Qūliwayh was a prominent scientific figure at his era, and his narrations are considered as reliable sources, and have been continuously cited in the compilations of other scholars during centuries.

Ulamā (Islamic scholars) and Fuqahā (Islamic Jurisprudents) showed a special respect toward him, and trustworthiness of many of Shi’a narrators is due to the fact that Ibn-e Qūliwayh has cited their narrations in his books!

Sheikh-e Mufīd has taken great advantage of his extensive knowledge, and commended him so much.

 

Trip to Egypt:

He had a trip to Egypt, and greatly enjoyed participating in classes of great Ulamā of that area as:  Abulfazl Muhammad son of Ahmad son of Ibrāhīm Jo’fī Sābūnī Mesrī.

 

Sayings of Great Men:

The great Shi’a narrator, Najāshī, says about him: “Every virtue or beauty that could be imagined to describe somebody, would be found in Ibn-e Qūliwayh in a higher degree.”

Sheikh-e Tūsī, the significant Shi’a savant, states in his ‘Fihrist’: “Abul-Qāsim, Ja’far son of Muhammad son of Qūliwayh Qummī, is a trustworthy figure who has numerous compilations as many as the branches of study in Fiqh.”

Sayyid Ibn-e Tāwūs says about him: “Ibn-e Qūliwayh is a truthful narrator, and all Ulamā unanimously agree on his dependability.”

 

Teachers:

He has enjoyed taking part in classes of a large number of scholars, some of them listed below:

1-  His father, Muhammad son of Ja’far son of Qūliwayh

2-  His brother, Alī son of Muhammad son of Ja’far son of Qūliwayh

3-  Muhammad son of Ya’qūb Kuleinī

4-  Muhammad son of Hasan Saffār

5-  Ibn-e Bābiwayh (the father of Sheikh-e Sadūq)

6-  Muhammad son of Ja’far Zorārī

7-  Muhammad son of Hasan son of Walīd

8-  Muhammad son of Hasan son of Alī son of Mahziār

9-  Muhammad son of Abdullāh Humayrī

10-Muhammad son of Hasan Jowharī

11-Muhammad son of Ahmad Mesrī

 

Pupils:

1- Sheikh-e Mufīd

2- Husein son of Ubaydullāh Ghazāerī

3- Ahmad son of ‘Abdūn

4- Tal’akbarī

5- Ibn-e ‘Azūr

6- Muhammad son of Salīm Sābūnī

 

Compilations:

Some of the numerous compilations of Ibn-e Qūliwayh are as follows:

1-    Kāmil-uz-Ziārāt (A Comprehensive Book on Supplications), which is his most famous book

2-    Mudāwāt-ul-Jasad (Treatment of the Body)

3-    As-Salāt (Ritual Prayers)

4-    Al-Jum’ah Wal-Jamā’ah (The Friday Congregation)

5-    Qiām-ul-Layl (Vigil)

6-    Ar-Ridhā’ (Fosterage)

7-    As-Sidāq (Marriage Portion, or Dower)

8-    Al-Adhāhī (Sacrificed Animals)

 

Death:

Dedicating his life to promote the Ahl-ul-Bayt’s (A.S.) culture and knowledge, finally Ibn-e Qūliwayh passed away in 367 Hegira.
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